By observing atoms in space, a study team will develop technology and tools to enhance the measurement of significant climate factors. They will concentrate on quantum technology called quantum sensing, which could be used to gather more precise data and allow previously unheard-of scientific measurements. These sensors could aid spacecraft in orbit in gathering information about how atoms respond to minute alterations in their surroundings and using that information to deduce the variations in the Earth’s gravity field over time. As a result, scientists can more precisely measure several crucial climate processes, including changes in ocean heat storage, glacier melt rates, land-water resource availability, and sea level rise.
It will be the first attempt to usher in a new stage in the development of quantum technology, moving past the quantum principles currently understood in physics and translating them into practical device ideas.
Recently, quantum technologies have made enormous strides, mostly in processing. To solve future issues by observing, deciphering, and comprehending climate processes, researchers want to use quantum sensing technology in space, where they can observe the entire planet.
The researchers will focus on gravitational force shifts and the implications for climate. Gravitational forces around the Earth and in space change result from climate change, which includes melting ice caps, rising water levels, and shifting temperatures. These gravitational changes affect the atoms orbiting the planet. The researchers can provide more accurate readings of changes in climate systems by measuring those responses.
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