Due to their exceptional optoelectronic characteristics, metal halide perovskites have attracted much attention as potential materials for next-generation optoelectronic devices. Researchers have achieved significant progress in device performance by developing a comprehensive grasp of perovskite composition, crystal formation, and defect engineering. However, Effective optical control is becoming increasingly important as device performance approaches theoretical limitations for better efficiency. Researchers have worked together to investigate current research trends and outcomes in multi-scale patterning technology to improve perovskite optoelectronic devices.
The importance of effective light harvesting and light outcoupling in perovskite optoelectronic devices is emphasized in this study. These devices use a unique chemical structure known as perovskite to transform electrical impulses and light energy in tandem. To do this, it is crucial to effectively collect light energy (light-harvesting) and emit it using electrical energy (light outcoupling). The research team concentrated on multi-scale patterning technologies to overcome the issues with optical management. In perovskite, optoelectronic devices, nano/micro composite structures are created.
The team’s goal was to considerably increase the photoelectric conversion efficiency of these devices by using the multi-scale patterning strategy. In perovskite layers, top-down strategies like nanoimprinting and bottom-up methods increase the effectiveness of light harvesting and outcoupling. However, these techniques need help with resolution, damage, and accuracy. More controlled nanopatterns can be produced using hybrid techniques that combine bottom-up crystal growth with top-down structuring. Alternatives include chemically stable polymers, transparent electrodes, anti-reflective coatings, electrospinning/spraying perovskite fibers, and transparent electrodes. Flexible, stretchable, and reusable printed polymer films are available with liquid-repelling characteristics.
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