Electronic Skin

As the environmental toll of plastic microparticles and nanoparticles has grown ever more apparent, the possible impact of plastic films in optoelectronic devices has started to raise concerns. A research team now offers one possible answer: Make the films out of fish scales. The team zeroed in on the transparent plastic films used in a [..]

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Visible Light Communication

Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) positioning is an essential research for the security of autonomous vehicles. Due to low cost and easy accessibility, global positioning system (GPS) has been a popular solution. However, GPS has inadequate accuracy due to the signal blockage by buildings and multipath effect. Besides GPS, RADAR and LIDAR can achieve quite high accuracy, but [..]

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Scanning Probe Microscopy

Scanning probe microscopy (SPM) has revolutionized the fields of materials, nano-science, chemistry, and biology, by enabling mapping of surface properties and surface manipulation with atomic precision. However, these achievements require constant human supervision; fully automated SPM has not been accomplished yet. Researchers demonstrate an artificial intelligence framework based on machine learning for autonomous SPM operation [..]

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Organ-On-A-Chip

MIT biological engineers have created a multitissue model that lets them study the relationships between different organs and the immune system, on a specialized microfluidic platform seeded with human cells. Using this type of model, sometimes called “organ-on-a-chip” or “physiome on-a-chip,” the research team was able to explore the role of circulating immune cells in [..]

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Terahertz Waves

Terahertz waves are becoming ever more important in science and technology. They enable us to unravel the properties of future materials, test the quality of automotive paint and screen envelopes. But generating these waves is still a challenge. A team of researchers has now developed a germanium component that generates short terahertz pulses with an [..]

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Luminous Clothing

Apart from AR and VR, there are recent developments in wearable technology.  A new approach to the design of light-emitting fabric could lead to the development of softer and more wearable luminous clothing, according to a project at the University of Windsor in Ontario. The fabrication of wearable e-textiles and smart clothing has until now [..]

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Light Modulator

A team of researchers has described a method of designing metamolecules that incorporate two independently controllable subwavelength meta-atoms. This two-parametric control of the metamolecule secures the complete control of both amplitude and the phase of light – light modulator. A Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) research team in collaboration with the University [..]

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Coronavirus Diagnosis

Recognizing that current methods of Coronavirus diagnosis take approximately one hour, a team of researchers has developed a method that combines optics and magnetic particles able to test 100 samples of patients potentially infected with the virus and reduce the diagnostic time to approximately 15 minutes. The time it currently takes for Coronavirus diagnosis poses [..]

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Photonic Crystal

Researchers have seen light propagate in a special material without reflections. The material, a photonic crystal, consists of two parts that each have a slightly different pattern of perforations. Light can propagate along the boundary between these two parts in a special way: It is “topologically protected,” and therefore does not bounce back at imperfections. [..]

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High-Tech Contact Lenses

Researchers have incorporated ultra-thin optical devices known as metasurfaces into off-the-shelf high-tech contact lenses to correct deuteranomaly, a form of red-green color blindness. The new customizable contact lens could offer a convenient and comfortable way to help people who experience various forms of color blindness. This research can also improve the quality of plastic opthalmic [..]

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Photonics Technology

A recently released report from several German trade and research organizations argues that photonic technologies can represent “a driver of global sustainability,” and that the application of these technologies can prevent some 2.92 billion tons of annual CO2 emissions by 2030. Those avoided emissions, according to the study, would “correspond to at least 11% of [..]

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QCL

Lasers that switch on and off billions of times per second are the backbone of optical communications networks, but this feat is only possible at certain laser frequencies. A team of researchers has now taken a step towards extending this frequency range by using sound waves to modulate the emission of a terahertz (THz) quantum [..]

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Polarization Of Light

A team of physicists has found that a similarly asymmetrical pattern can be induced and measured at will in certain exotic materials, using a special kind of light beam (polarization of light) to stimulate the material. In this case, the phenomenon of “handedness,” known as chirality, occurs not in the structure of the molecules themselves, [..]

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OCT

An automated algorithm developed by the Universitat Politècnica de Valènci (UPV) proved capable of distinguishing between healthy and glaucomatous eyes with an accuracy of 0.81, sensitivity of 0.79 and specificity of 0.82, making use only of OCT volumes focused on the optic nerve head of the retina. Image analysis methods termed Class Activation Maps were [..]

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Ptychography Enables Lensless On-Chip Microscopy

Guoan Zheng, a University of Connecticut (UConn) professor of biomedical engineering, has published his findings on a successful demonstration of a lensless on-chip microscopy platform in Lab on a Chip. Zheng suggests his ptychography platform eliminates several of the most common problems with conventional optical microscopy while providing a low-cost option for the diagnosis of [..]

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Infrared Microscope

Researchers have added infrared (IR) capability to a standard optical microscope, with the goal of digital biopsy for cancer diagnosis. Pairing IR measurements with high-resolution optical images and machine learning algorithms, they created digital biopsies that closely correlated with traditional pathology techniques and also outperformed state-of-the-art infrared microscopes. The advantage is that no stains are [..]

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Hybrid Integrated Photonics

Big datacenters, Industry 4.0, and personalized healthcare—all these rapidly growing markets have one thing in common: they need miniaturized photonic components. Such miniaturized, or integrated, photonic components offer solutions for sensing, data transmission, and data processing. The technologies for manufacturing, alignment, and assembly of integrated photonic components are evolving. Often, the markets are small—and so [..]

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