Majorana photons, a new superclass of photons, may improve information on quantum-level transitions and brain images and their workings. A research team based their findings on that photons can take various forms while possessing important properties such as polarization, wavelength, coherence, and spatial modes.
The team aimed to use a special super form of photons to probe and propagate deeper in brain tissues, microtubules, and neuron cells, providing more fundamental information about brain images than conventional photon forms.
These distinct photons can travel with various wavefronts. They also have a vortex where the wavefront twists and nonhomogeneous polarization across the wave beam diameter. These are known as cylindrical vector vortex beams. (CVVB).
Among these CVVB photons, the researchers discovered a new “super special” class known as classical entangled photon beams (for brain images). These photons were mixed with circular polarization and orbital angular momentum of +L and -L. They were also entangled with their antiphoton. Radial and azimuthal optical beams were the two that stood out.
The super special photon will be crucial in understanding fundamental and quantum processes in materials and advancing applications in photodetection sensing, information, communication, and future computers. Working with complex light with spin and orbital momentum of light together for transmission in scattering media led to the discovery of the photons for enhanced brain images.